Oral Health Problem & Its Solution

Imhealthist | Sunday 25th of October 2015 10:16:17 AM


World Health Organization (WHO) in one of its recent report has stated that nearly 100% adults and 60 to 90% school children are affected by Teeth cavities. Oral health, the state of being free from various dental diseases, gum diseases (periodontal), oral cancers and other dental infectious diseases can be easily achieved. These oral diseases not only limit a person’s ability to speak, chew, or bite but also have severe psychological impacts.

Oral health is very important to reduce the possibility of dental diseases such as,

  • Dental Cavity : Also known as teeth decay, this is the most prevalent form of oral disease. The main reason behind teeth decay is the breakdown of teeth due to the action of bacteria. Although this is not life threatening, it is definitely painful and may lead to loss of teeth
  • Oral Cancer : This mainly occurs due to the consumption of tobacco and alcohol. Although it can be cured if detected early, the  treatment is very painful. About 0.01% to 0.001% of the adults, mostly low income people are affected.
  • Periodontal Diseases: Gingivities and Periodontitis are the two most common types of periodontal (gum) diseases. While the former leads to inflammation of the gums at teeth’s neck, the latter leads to inflammation affecting the tissues of the teeth. Alike dental cavity, this may also lead to loss of teeth.
  • Cleft Lip and Palates : This is a birth defect with occurrence rate different among several ethnic groups.
  • Trauma: Dental traumas are quite common among children due to the accidents in playground and roads.
  • Infections in HIV: Persons affected with HIV are more prone to have viral, fungal, or bacterial infections. These infections have an onset period during the initial stages  of HIV.

Treatment Methodologies:

            Almost all the oral health problems can be treated by a qualified dentist. The treatment may be a simple teeth whitening to a root canal treatment to chemotherapy, depending upon the severity of the problem. Usually all the treatments, except for few minor procedures, are conducted as outpatient program.

Precautionary Methods :

  • Flossing and Brushing: Brushing should be done at least for two minutes with a fluoride paste. Soft bristled tooth brush provides effective removal of plaque or any other leftover food particles. Brushing by holding the brush tilted at 45o is a good practice. Flossing should be done once a day, preferably at night before going to bed.
  • Regular replacement of brushes, as soon as the bristles become highly clustered.
  • Tobacco products cause gum inflammation and teeth cavities. More over tobacco causes build up of tartar and stains on the teeth. Tobacco products contain carcinogens which lead to oral cancer. Alcohol abuse limits the saliva production and causes dryness of mouth, and leads to periodontal diseases. Excessive usage of alcohol when clubbed with tobacco products leads to more probability of occurrence of oral cancer.
  • Consumption of healthy and balanced diet. Food that contains sugary substance leads to teeth decay. When the plaque combines with sugar, it causes acid to attack the teeth. It is not just what we eat, but also when we eat matters for the oral health.
  • Using mouthwash and antibacterial toothpaste to eliminate infection causing bacteria
  • Regular visit to dentist for routine checkups.
Many of the oral medical problems often offer clues about the general health. Hence any sort of dental issues should be sorted out at the earliest stage by visiting a dentist. And lastly, with good dental habits, most of the medical issues associated with oral health can be easily prevented.