Health Organization (WHO) in one of its recent report has stated that nearly
100% adults and 60 to 90% school children are affected by Teeth cavities. Oral health, the state of being free from various
dental diseases, gum diseases (periodontal), oral cancers and other dental
infectious diseases can be easily achieved. These oral diseases not only limit
a person’s ability to speak, chew, or bite but also have severe psychological
Oral health is very important to reduce the possibility of
dental diseases such as,
- Dental Cavity
: Also known as teeth decay, this is the most prevalent form of oral disease.
The main reason behind teeth decay is the breakdown of teeth due to the action
of bacteria. Although this is not life threatening, it is definitely painful
and may lead to loss of teeth
- Oral Cancer : This
mainly occurs due to the consumption of tobacco and alcohol. Although it can be
cured if detected early, the treatment
is very painful. About 0.01% to 0.001% of the adults, mostly low income people
- Periodontal Diseases: Gingivities and Periodontitis are the two most common types of
periodontal (gum) diseases. While the former leads to inflammation of the gums
at teeth’s neck, the latter leads to inflammation affecting the tissues of the
teeth. Alike dental cavity, this may also lead to loss of teeth.
- Cleft Lip and Palates : This is a birth defect with occurrence rate different among several
- Trauma: Dental
traumas are quite common among children due to the accidents in playground and
- Infections in HIV: Persons affected with HIV are more prone to have viral, fungal, or
bacterial infections. These infections have an onset period during the initial
stages of HIV.
the oral health problems can be treated by a qualified dentist. The treatment
may be a simple teeth whitening to a root canal treatment to chemotherapy,
depending upon the severity of the problem. Usually all the treatments, except
for few minor procedures, are conducted as outpatient program.
Precautionary Methods :
- Flossing and Brushing: Brushing should be done at least for two minutes with a fluoride paste.
Soft bristled tooth brush provides effective removal of plaque or any other
leftover food particles. Brushing by holding the brush tilted at 45o
is a good practice. Flossing should be done once a day, preferably at night
before going to bed.
- Regular replacement of brushes, as
soon as the bristles become highly clustered.
- Tobacco products cause gum
inflammation and teeth cavities. More over tobacco causes build up of tartar
and stains on the teeth. Tobacco products contain carcinogens which lead to
oral cancer. Alcohol abuse limits the saliva production and causes dryness of
mouth, and leads to periodontal diseases. Excessive usage of alcohol when
clubbed with tobacco products leads to more probability of occurrence of oral
- Consumption of healthy and balanced
diet. Food that contains sugary substance leads to teeth decay. When the plaque
combines with sugar, it causes acid to attack the teeth. It is not just what we
eat, but also when we eat matters for the oral health.
- Using mouthwash and antibacterial
toothpaste to eliminate infection causing bacteria
- Regular visit to dentist for routine
of the oral medical problems often offer clues about the general health. Hence
any sort of dental issues should be sorted out at the earliest stage by
visiting a dentist. And lastly, with good dental habits, most of the medical
issues associated with oral health can be easily prevented.