How to Care Different Types of Hair

Imhealthist | Sunday 20th of September 2015 11:25:20 AM

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Hair is an extension of our personality. Hair can be made to look fabulous if it is well maintained by devoting little time for its care. Hair care is an essential daily routine. When hair care is ignored, problems like dull hair, dandruff, lice, split ends occur and lead to hair thinning and hair loss. Taking care of hair and attaining shiny, beautiful, and healthy hair by following few DIY tasks is quite simple.

Hair Care Diet

We need to feed ourselves a healthy diet for a healthy hair. Consumption of food that has nutritional value instead of junk foods is an essential aspect of hair care. Some of the food items that aids in hair growth or care are –

  • Whole grains, cereals, pulses, fruits and vegetables are considered as a good source for hair growth.
  • Foods that are rich in omega-3 fatty acids like sardines, mackerel, and salmon
  • Hair is made up of proteins. So, have more protein rich foods like nuts and legumes
  • Iron is very essential nutrient for hair. Green leafy vegetables, red meat, and chicken are some of the food items that are rich in iron.
  • Food with more zinc content like lobster, crab, dairy products, red meat, mushrooms, whole grains, and nuts.
  • Vitamin A, B, C, D, E, and K are essential for a healthy hair. 

Oiling The Hair

Oil moisturizes hair and prevents dry and frizzy hair. It is a good practice to oil the hair at least twice a week. After applying oil in the hair, it should be allowed to soak for few hours and subsequently, shampoo can be used for washing. This helps to retain moisture in the hair. Coconut oil, olive oil, and castor oil are considered as good for hair. Few drops of essential oils like almond oil, lavender oil, rosemary, cypress oil can be mixed with coconut or olive oil and applied on hair. These application mixtures help in promoting hair growth and prevent dandruff.

Shampoo Your Hair

It is not advisable to overdo the hair with shampoo. Washing the hair with shampoo should be restricted to twice or thrice a week. It is important to use the right shampoo for the hair.

  • Shampoos that are paraben and sulfate free should be chosen, as these chemicals damage hair.
  • Based on the type of hair – curly, straight, dry, oily, or color treated.
  • Medicated shampoos for treatment of lice and dandruff. 

Condition The Hair

            Conditioners make the hair smooth. Hence it is a good practice to apply a conditioner after hair wash, as shampoo makes them dry. Avoid conditioners on scalp, as it attracts dirt if not thoroughly cleaned. Alike shampoo, the selection of conditioner should also be based on the type of hair.

Rinse Your Hair

            A proper and thorough rinse of hair after shampooing and conditioning is absolutely essential to avoid any residues. Soft and shiny hair can be obtained by rinsing in a mixture consisting of ¼ cup of apple cider vinegar or lemon juice and ¾ cup of water.

Dry Your Hair

            After rinsing, hair should be dried naturally. Blow dryer should be avoided as the hot air may damage the hair. If necessary, blow dryer may be used in cool mode with low speed.

Style Your Hair

            After drying, hair can be styled with a comb. Wet hair is usually very weak and is prone to breakage. Hence, brushing the hair while it is wet should be avoided. Initially a wide toothed comb should be used to remove tangles, and avoid breakage and subsequently a good quality comb may be utilized to style the hair.     

General Hair Care Tips

  • Sun damages the hair. So protect your hair by covering it with a hat/cap/ scarf.
  • Drink adequate water to keep the hair hydrated.
  • Eat healthy and nutritional food.
  • Do not damage the hair with chemicals. As far as possible, natural products should be used.
  • Blood circulation helps for hair growth. So, massaging the hair with oil at least once a week helps a lot.
  • Split ends are inevitable. Cut the split ends regularly for proper hair growth.

In spite of all the above mentioned efforts, if the hair problem persists, it is advisable to seek medical opinion by consulting a dermatologist or a trichologist.